Home' Army Acquisition Logistics and Technology Magazine : Army ALT April-June 2016 Contents Support Mission forces to complete their
assigned mission. After 14 years of contin-
gency operations, Afghanistan is showing
some modest gains in its ability to develop
its own security forces, but major chal-
lenges persist: an active insurgency and
unfavorable economic conditions, to name
just two. Accordingly, the coalition contin-
ues to assume relatively constant funding
levels in the near term.
The main effort remains the training,
advising and assisting of Afghan security
institutions, while concentrating on eight
“essential functions” as part of the Reso-
lute Support Mission:
Essential Function 1: Multiyear budget-
ing and execution of programs
Advising efforts focus on ANDSF
resource management, helping the
Afghans meet their sustainment require-
ments, aligning budgets with programs
and executing within available resources.
Essential Function 2: Transparency,
accountability and oversight
Assistance in this area focuses on help-
ing the Afghan government establish
transparent and accountable fiscal stew-
ardship, demonstrating the will to fight
Essential Function 3: Civilian
governance of the Afghan security
Emphasis here is on the importance of
helping Afghanistan establish effective
disciplinary systems in accordance with
the Afghan constitution and domestic
laws. A key effort is the prevention of
gross violations of human rights.
Essential Function 4: Force generation
Goals include the recruitment, retention
and training of qualified Afghan defense
and security forces to meet manpower
requirements, encouraging employ ment
through merit-based selection to ma ximize
potential and operational effectiveness.
Essential Function 5: Sustainment
Efforts in this area aim to enable effective
demand-based systems to meet strategic
and operational requirements in facili-
ties management, maintenance, medical
support and logistics. Responsiveness to
end-user needs is a key component of this.
Essential Function 6: Strategy and pol-
icy, planning, resourcing and execution
The desired end state in this arena is defense
and interior ministries capable of coordi-
nating, planning and executing effective
joint and combined campaigns in support
of national-level security objectives.
Essential Function 7: Intelligence
Assisting Afghan forces to develop
intelligence capabilities and processes;
emphasizing capability integration, train-
ing and self-sufficiency is a priority here.
Transitioning from paper-based to digital
systems is part of this.
Essential Function 8: Strategic
Critical to this effort is the Afghan
security and defense forces’ ability to
communicate effectively with the popula-
tion and the international community to
engender support and confidence, and to
counter insurgency influences.
The goal of every entity in this POM pro-
cess was to clearly articulate program
requirements in support of Afghanistan’s
national security framework. (See Table 1.)
The Ministry of Defense’s national mili-
tar y strategy and the Ministry of Interior’s
strategy served as guiding documents for
specific plans that addressed the develop-
ment of the Afghan National Army and
the Afghan National and local police.
Doing so was important not only for the
government of the Islamic Republic of
Afghanistan, but a lso for the international
community, since the vast majority of
funds for the ANDSF still come from the
United States and NATO donor nations.
Integration, transparency and discipline
were g uiding principles throughout the
requirements development process: inte-
gration through the direct involvement
of Afghan counterparts in the process,
transparency through shared resourcing
decisions with all parties involved, and
discipline through the systematic pri-
oritization of requirements, adjusting the
program to existing fiscal realities.
TO BUILD A BUDGET
After establishing a baseline for Afghan
end strength and operational readiness,
Seeds are being planted all over Afghanistan, and it
will be up to the people and the country’s new unity
government to demonstrate to the rest of the world
that Afghanistan can be counted on as an equal
partner to promote and ensure regional stability.
32 Army AL&T Magazine
A WISH LIST FOR AFGHANISTAN
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