Home' Army Acquisition Logistics and Technology Magazine : Army ALT October-December 2015 Contents recommendations and observations
based on lessons lea rned:
• Hand-pick the “A team.” Having wide
latitude to carefully select and structure
the red team based on needed skills,
experience and dynamic perspectives,
and across a wide range of organiza-
tions, is critical to success.
• Develop effective ways to educate
warfighter end users and facilitators
on assessment methodologies; identify
and communicate purpose and payoff;
insist on their active participation; and
garner buy-in from them.
• Secure the direct and continuous
involvement of the warfighter end user
throughout the process. This is essential
for fleshing out unrecognized assump-
tions and aligning design choices with
• Adopt red (threat), white (analyst),
blue (friendly), black (“unknown
unknowns”) and green (influence base)
perspectives, and integrate warfighters,
analysts and developers into experi-
ments. This creates an effective, robust
atmosphere for discovery.
• Find the balance between “controlled”
and “free play” experiments to build a
collaborative environment for discovery
and exploration of the system’s overall
potential as a warfighter solution.
• Provide rapid feedback, conduct mul-
tiple assessments and have warfighter
after-action reviews to ensure the ade-
quate capture of key information.
• Allow the team adequate execution and
reporting time to minimize the prob-
ability of team burnout that is often
experienced by high-tempo action
• Ensure access to warfighters and rapid,
constructive feedback to create a con-
tinuous learning environment and
keep participants, such as developers,
evaluators and warfighters, returning
• Develop structured assessment pro-
cesses rooted in systems thinking and
trade-space analytics that include
exposing vulnerabilities at the systems’
• Provide opportunities for continuous
• Red-team the red team for continuous
The Systems ART initiative will continue
to evolve as we work to infuse change in
the culture to see “breaking” systems and
shaking out vulnerabilities as necessary
and good for the development process.
On the horizon, efforts will examine
dominating mobility, electronic warfare
and unmanned aerial threats as subjects
of exploration and red-teaming. Our
hope is that we can have a positive impact
and help our forces maintain overmatch
in a complex and uncertain future.
For more information, contact Niki Goerger
at niki.c .email@example.com.
DR. NIKI C. GOERGER is the direc-
tor for business development at the U.S .
Army Engineer Research and Develop-
ment Center (ERDC). She serves as
program director for the Army S&T Sys-
tems ART. Before her current assignment,
she served as the ERDC liaison and act-
ing director for the Innovation Enablers
Science and Technology Portfolio in the
ODASA(R&T). She earned her Ph.D . in
industrial engineering from Texas A&M
University. She holds an M.S . in agricul-
tural engineering with a minor in statistics,
as well as a B.S . in biological engineering,
from Mississippi State University.
DR. PATRICK J. DRISCOLL is a professor
of operations research in the Department
of Systems Engineering at the United
States Military Academy at West Point,
and line-of-effort lead for assessments and
analytics for the Army S&T Systems ART.
He earned his Ph.D . in operations research
from Virginia Polytechnic University. He
holds an M.S . in operations research and
another in engineering economic systems
from Stanford University, and a B.S . in
mathematics from West Point.
MR. MICHAEL E. FERREIRA is an
electronic warfare subject-matter expert
in DOD. As program manager for the
Army S&T Systems ART, he is respon-
sible for establishing the multiperspective
mat within the ART, and has successfully
adopted this process to rapidly transition
various technologies from the laboratory or
shelf to the warfighter. He holds a B.S . in
biological engineering from the University
MR. JOHN P. KLOPFENSTEIN
is a member of the U.S . Army
Development and Engineering Center’s
Night Vision and Electronic Sensors Direc-
torate. He serves as the deputy program
manager for the Army S&T Systems ART
and the line-of-effort lead for the techni-
cal support and operational analysis live
experiment venues. He holds a B.S . in
electrical engineering technology from
DeVry University and is pursuing an M.S .
in systems engineering management at the
Naval Postgraduate School . He is a mem-
ber of the Army Acquisition Corps.
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